When food or liquid enters the laryngeal vestibule but, unlike with aspiration , does not descend below the level of the vocal cords themselves. Laryngeal penetration alone would be an indication of mild swallowing dysfunction, but it would not by itself create a risk of pneumonia , as aspiration might. Laryngeal penetration: Series of 1 photo Laryngeal penetration 1 of 1 After the patient swallowed several boluses of blue-stained applesauce, there were traces visible on the laryngeal surface of the epiglottis, indicative of penetration into the earliest part of the airway. Coughing 1 of 4 This patient is annoyed by occasional coughing when she sips liquids.
Dysphagia - Understanding It In Simple Terms
Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Validated instruments used to evaluate swallowing included the Penetration-Aspiration Scale and the M. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory. Also, the oropharyngeal chemoradiotherapy group had better self-perceived swallowing ability than the surgery-radiotherapy group on the basis of the M. Dysphagia, or impairment of swallowing function, is a frequent consequence of head and neck cancer and its treatment that can result in decreased quality of life and nutritional deficiency.
Deep Laryngeal Penetration as a Predictor of Aspiration
Glottal closure during the pharyngeal phase of swallowing is one of the important steps in protecting the airway. Generally, it is believed that any deficiency in this process can lead to laryngeal penetration and aspiration. This study investigated the incidence of laryngeal penetration and aspiration among 44 patients with glottal closure insufficiencies that were referred for voice and swallowing evaluation to our institution. The videostroboscopy and 3 oz water swallow test were performed for all of the patients and dysphagic patients were screened and referred for videofluoroscopy. Overall,
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of color, coating, and opacity on the detection of aspiration, penetration, and residue during flexible endoscopic evaluations of swallowing FEES. To assess the effects of color, blue milk was compared to white milk. To assess the effects of coating, barium, white water, and white milk were compared to each other. To assess the effects of opacity, blue milk was compared to blue water.